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February 2020

Monday, 24 February 2020 00:00

Is Toenail Fungus Contagious?

Toenail fungus is an infection of the toenails, and can be difficult to cure. Research has indicated that this condition may affect ten percent of the western population, and may become more prevalent after the age of sixty. There are noticeable symptoms that often accompany toenail fungus. These can include the nails appearing yellow and thick, and in severe cases, the nail may lift from the nail bed. The type of fungus that causes this infection often lives and thrives in warm and moist environments. These environments often consist of public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. It is known to be contagious, and it is helpful to wear appropriate shoes while in these types of environments. Patients who have psoriasis or are diabetic may have an increased risk of developing toenail fungus. If you are afflicted with this ailment, please consult with a podiatrist who can offer correct treatment options.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Toenail Fungus
Monday, 17 February 2020 00:00

Painful Injuries to the Achilles Tendon

There are noticeable symptoms that exist with an Achilles tendon injury. These can include pain near your heel, soreness after arising in the morning, and difficulty flexing or pointing the foot. Additionally, there may be a “popping” sound that happens at the time of the injury. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel, and can be significantly uncomfortable if an injury occurs. Consistent stress to the tendon may come from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly, participating in a new sporting activity,  or exercising on uneven surfaces. Moderate relief may be found when the affected foot is elevated, as this may help to alleviate a portion of the swelling. Some patients find it can be beneficial to wear orthotics to help relieve discomfort as the healing process occurs. If you have endured an injury to your Achilles tendon, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
Monday, 10 February 2020 00:00

Children and Ingrown Toenails

Children that have ingrown toenails may tell their parents their big toe hurts. Upon examining the toe, it may appear red, swollen, and may have drainage from the outer edges of the nail. These symptoms may be indicative of an ingrown toenail. This can occur as a result of improperly trimming the toenails, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Children’s feet grow rapidly, which is why it’s advised to have your child’s feet frequently measured. This can help you to determine the correct size shoe that your child needs to wear. The toe may feel better when it is soaked in warm water several times per day, as this may help to soften the affected area. If you notice an ingrown toenail on your child’s foot, it is suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenail Care
Monday, 03 February 2020 00:00

What Is the Purpose of PRP Injections?

The premise of PRP injections is to heal damaged cells in the body by using a concentrated mixture of the patient’s blood. It may help to heal injuries that develop slowly, which can include tendinitis. The procedure is performed by extracting a portion of blood, followed by spinning it in a centrifuge which removes the platelets. The next step is to have it injected into the damaged area, which may help to accelerate the healing process. There are several foot conditions that may benefit from the use of PRP injections. If you would like to know more about this type of treatment and the conditions it helps, it is advised that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist for professional advice and guidance.

If you are suffering from a foot condition, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is PRP?

Platelet Rich Plasma, or PRP, is blood taken from a patient and spun in a centrifuge, concentrating the amount of platelets. The plasma is then re-injected into the site of injury or damage, assisting the body in repairing damage to muscles, tendons, ligaments, and tissue. PRP helps the body speed up its healing process.

Uses of PRP

Injuries affecting the foot sometimes don’t heal properly because of poor blood circulation. The healing time slows down, and recovery time is affected by poor blood supply. PRP injections will speed up recovery and resolve this issue.

Treatment

PRP is the first regenerative treatment for damaged muscles, tendons, and ligaments. No surgery needed. It is only applied with an insertion of a needle.

Ultrasound – An ultrasound is needed for proper placement of the platelets.

Injection – When the first injection is received, the patient will return to the doctor in about 2 to 3 weeks and monitor the recovery process.

Recovery time – Some people respond to treatments differently. Therefore, depending on your condition, the doctor will make any remaining decisions on how many more injections are needed, or if any additional ones are even required.

Benefits

One may be able to avoid major surgery, and recovery time will be cut down. PRP injections also avoid creating scar tissue and damage to the area. Risks are also very low using PRP as a treatment. There is no risk of rejection, contracting a disease from using another person’s blood, or infection.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about PRP Injections in the Feet
Sunday, 02 February 2020 00:00

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